as Baal-gad, Banias, Baniyas, Banyas, Barias, Belinas, Caesarea Neronias,
Caesarea of Philip, Caesarea Paneas, Caesarea Panias, Caesareia Sebaste,
Keisarion, Kisrin, Medinat Dan, Mivzar Dan, Neronias, Pamias, Paneas,
Paneias, Paneion, Panias, Panium
25 miles north of the Sea of Galilee and at the base of Mt. Hermon,
Caesarea Philippi is the location of one of the largest springs feeding
the Jordan River.
This abundant water supply has made the area
very fertile and attractive for religious worship. Numerous
temples were built at this city in the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
known as Baal Hermon and Baal Gad in the Old Testament period, this site
later was named Panias after the Greek god Pan who was worshiped
There is no record of Jesus entering the city, but the great
confession and the transfiguration both occurred in the vicinity of the
city (Matt 16:13), then known as Caesarea Philippi.
Grotto of Pan
spring emerged from the large cave which became the center of pagan
worship. Beginning in the 3rd century B.C., sacrifices were cast
into the cave as offerings to the god Pan.
Pan, the half-man
half-goat god of fright (thus "panic"), is often depicted
playing the flute. This city known as Panias has been corrupted in
the Arabic language to its modern name of Banias.
to the sacred cave is a rocky escarpment with a series of hewn
niches. We know that statues of the deity were placed in these
niches by depictions of such on coins of the city.
housed a sculpture of Echo, the mountain nymph and Panís consort.
Another niche housed
a statue of Panís father, Hermes, son of nymph Maia. Inscriptions
in the niches mention those who gave large donations.
(Pepperdine University) A gallery of photos from the biblical city of
Caesarea Philippi. Each of sixteen categories lead to several large
pictures with limited captions.
Philippi (Walking in Their Sandals) Gives
easy-to-read information on the location, biblical significance, etc.
Features links to photographs and on-line scripture references.
Caesarea Philippi (The
Church of Christ in Zion, Illinois) Highlights points of historical and
spiritual significance surrounding the main biblical passage associated with
this site. Gives excellent background on the history of pagan religion
in the area. Includes a brief photo tour.
Banyas (The Israeli Mosaic)
Contains informative sections on history, the Hermon River, sites at
Banyas Reserve, and getting there. Links throughout the history section allow
for in-depth study.
Travel Study Program) Limited text, but site features several good
pictures with excellent identifying captions, including an artist's
reconstruction of the site in the Roman Period.
Banyas: Cult Center of
the God Pan (Israel MFA) Gives a detailed history of the site and
descriptions of several of the important archaeological features relating to
cult practices in the area.
Caesarea Philippi (Into
His Own) A brief, encyclopedia-type article with links to related
words and topics for further study.
Philippi (Daily Bible Study) General information about
the area with links to many topics related to historical geography, historical
and biblical characters, biblical manners and customs, and the life of Christ.