Access to Water
Passage to Pool Tower
A passageway leads from the vertical shaft to the Pool Tower. Current research indicates that Jerusalem’s inhabitants would have traveled through the tunnel system and continued this way to the Pool Tower (instead of dropping a bucket down the vertical shaft).
The Pool Tower was one of two (the other being the Spring Tower) built by the Canaanite people living in Jerusalem about 1800 BC. These two massive towers fortified the city’s water system and allowed the Jerusalemites to safely access fresh water in times of siege. The Pool Tower guarded a pool (see below) which received water from a feeder tunnel from the Gihon Spring. Citizens would apparently retrieve water from a platform connected to this tower.
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Jerusalem – Water Systems of Biblical Times (Jewish Virtual Library) A scholarly article on the various water systems by archaeologist Hillel Geva.
Water Works (National Geographic) A highly readable article about Warren’s Shaft, Hezekiah’s Tunnel, and the surrounding water system.
Jerusalem’s Water Supply During Siege: The Rediscovery of Warren’s Shaft (BAR article by Yigal Shiloh) This 1981 article gives a slightly dated view about the use of Warren’s Shaft, along with the history and excavation details.
City of David – Of Kingdoms and Water (personal page) Offers an alternative to David climbing up Warren’s Shaft, from a tourist’s perspective.