Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia . . . (Ezra 7:1)
The relief shown here comes from Persepolis. Scholars generally believe that Darius I is depicted sitting on the throne, with his heir Xerxes (Ahasuerus) standing behind him. Darius I was the grandfather of Artaxerxes I. This relief can be taken as a reasonable depiction of how Artaxerxes I would have been portrayed, had such a depiction of him survived. This famous relief carving of the Persian court was photographed at the National Museum of Iran.