He is winnowing barley on the threshing floor tonight (Ruth 3:2).
After the necessary task of crushing barley ears, it was common for workers to return to the threshing floor in the evening to winnow. This process required a favorable wind, one that wasn’t too strong or too weak. The crushed grain would be thrown into the air, allowing the lighter impurities to be blown away while leaving the heavier barley kernels to be gathered. This threshing floor in Gibeon has piles of wheat waiting to be processed.