Revelation 6

The Four Horsemen

The Lamb

I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seven seals (Revelation 6:1).

At the very beginning of His ministry, Jesus was introduced by John the Baptist as “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29). The title refers to His self-sacrifice on the cross, where He gave up His own life to redeem mankind. Throughout Revelation, John refers to Jesus as the “Lamb” (Gk. arnion) 28 times. This picture shows lambs in the Negev.


And I looked, and behold, a white horse (Revelation 6:2).

This statement is the first in a vision that includes four horsemen. Each rides a horse of a different color, carries different equipment, and represents some aspect of the end times that this section describes. This ancient representation of four horsemen was photographed at the Antalya Museum.

Crown of Victory

And a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer (Revelation 6:2).

This picture shows a golden diadem from the Hellenistic period. At the top of the crown is a depiction of Nike, the goddess of Victory. This diadem dates to 200–150 BC and may come from the Crimean Peninsula. It was photographed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.


It was granted to the rider to take away peace from the earth, that men would kill each other (Revelation 6:4).

This famous depiction of Alexander the Great defeating the Persians, likely at the Battle of Gaugamela, was created in the late 2nd century BC. It is probably a copy of a 4th century BC painting by Philoxenos. Alexander can be seen to the left, astride his horse; he is pursuing Darius III, seen fleeing in his chariot on the right side of the mosaic. This mosaic comes from the House of the Faun at Pompeii.


I heard a voice, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius” (Revelation 6:6).

The word “quart” (Gk. choinix) referred to a dry measure, often used for grain, that was equivalent to about a quart or a liter. This amount was the daily ration necessary for one person. This ancient measure was photographed at the Athens Agora Museum.

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