Capernaum

Also known as Tell Hum, Khirbet Karazeh, Bethsaida, Capharnaum, Chorazin, Kefar Nahum, Kafarnaum, Kefar Tanhum, Talhum, Tanhum

Capernaum from the air

Aerial View

In existence from the 2nd c. B.C. to the 7th c. A.D., Capernaum was built along the edge of the Sea of Galilee and had up to 1500 residents. 

Today the ruins are owned by two churches: the Franciscans control the western portion with the synagogue and the Greek Orthodox's property is marked by the white church with red domes.

 

View from the Sea

Jesus made Capernaum his home during the years of his ministry: "Leaving Nazareth he went and lived in Capernaum" (Matt 4:13).

Peter, Andrew, James and John were fishermen living in the village.  Matthew the tax collector also dwelt here.

Capernaum is one of the three cities cursed by Jesus for its lack of faith.

Capernaum from boat

 

Capernaum synagogue

The Synagogue

The dating of this synagogue is debated, but it is clearly later than the first century.  Excavations have revealed a synagogue from the time of Jesus with walls made of worked stone and 4 feet thick.

These earlier walls were preserved up to 3 feet high and the entire western wall still exists and was used as the foundation for the later synagogue.

 

The Synagogue

Jesus was confronted by a demoniac while teaching here (Mark 1:21-27).

In Capernaum, Jesus healed the servant of the centurion.  This Roman official was credited with building the synagogue (Luke 7:3).

In this synagogue, Jesus gave sermon on the bread of life (John 6:35-59).

Capernaum synagogue

 

House of Peter in Capernaum

The House of Peter

Excavations revealed one residence that stood out from the others.  This house was the object of early Christian attention with 2nd century graffiti and a 4th century house church built above it.  In the 5th century a large octagonal Byzantine church was erected above this, complete with a baptistery.  Pilgrims referred to this as the house of the apostle Peter.

Related Websites

At BiblePlaces.com, see the related sites of Sea of Galilee, Bethsaida, Chorazin, Cove of the Sower, Mt. of Beatitudes, and Tabgha.

Capharnaum - the town of Jesus (Franciscan Cyberspot)  Very extensive site by the Franciscans, featuring an interactive aerial photograph.

Capernaum (Walking in Their Sandals)  Gives easy-to-read information on the location, biblical significance, etc.  Features links to photographs and on-line scripture references.

Capernaum (BIBARCH)  Features many informative links within the text to resources such as: scripture references, the site's bibliography (some sources cited are available on the web), and a "words and phrases glossary."  Also offers a "Scripture Summary" and "Chronological Summary."

Capernaum (Crystalinks) - Limited, but map shows Capernaum's location.

Capernaum (Second Temple Synagogues, by Donald D. Binder)  Features good pictures and text, focusing on the synagogue. 

The Synagogue at Capernaum (Jewish Virtual Library)  Gives an interesting and detailed history of the synagogue, including links to descriptions of related terms.

Capernaum (Christian Travel Study Programs, Ltd.)  Limited text, but site features several good pictures with excellent identifying captions.

Photos from Capernaum, 1997 (Jesus Walk)  Part of "Disciple Lessons from Luke's Gospel."

Capernaum (Into His Own)   A brief, encyclopedia-type article with multiple links to related words and topics for further study.

Ancient synagogues in Bar'am and Capernaum (The Jewish Magazine)  Offers an interesting look at early synagogues in general; looks specifically at two Galilean synagogues.