Many "Mizpahs" in the Bible
The Identification of Mizpah
Mizpah in the Time of the Judges
Mizpah served as the rendezvous point for the tribes massing to fight against the men of Benjamin following the rape of the concubine (Judg 20:1-3). The men of Israel took an oath in Mizpah to not allow their daughters to marry a Benjamite (Judg 21:1). Mizpah was also the location of a national assembly where “all Israel” came before Samuel and repented (1 Sam 7). Immediately following this, God routed the Philistines from Mizpah down the Beth Horon Ridge route. It is possible that the tabernacle was here when Samuel offered the sacrifices. Later, acquiescing to the demands of the Israelites, Samuel selected a king to lead them at Mizpah (1 Sam 10:17).
A Well-Preserved Offset-Inset Wall
This offset-inset wall was constructed in the Iron II period and is believed by some to be associated with Asa’s fortification of the city (1 Kgs 15:22). The entire length of the wall was revealed in the excavations, a length of 2,100 feet (660 m), including eleven towers that were built along the exterior face of the wall. The wall is believed to have originally been 38-45 feet (12-14 m) tall.
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