At the end of the Judean monarchy, this governor’s residence was half an acre (0.2 ha) in size. It is the largest Iron Age structure known in Israel. Built on the summit of the tell, this palace was constructed in three discernible phases which help archaeologists to understand the length of the cubit in the earlier and later periods. Evidence for the stabling of horses in the courtyard has been found.
View of Hill Country
The famous Lachish Letter #4 describes how the writer was looking for the signal-fires of Lachish for the signal-fires of Azekah could no longer be seen. Possibly the writer of this ostracon was viewing the destruction of the cities of the Shephelah from the nearby hill country to the west. Jeremiah 34:7 corroborates the fact that the last two cities remaining were Azekah and Lachish.
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For a Bible chapter related to Lachish, see Joshua 15.
Why Lachish Matters (Biblical Archaeology Review) This 2005 article by Philip J King was originally published in BAR, and gives some great background on Lachish, accompanied by photos. Several older articles from BAR are also available for public access here.
Lachish: Royal City of the Kingdom of Judah (Israel MFA) Highlights the history of both the Canaanite and Israelite cities.
The Ghosts of Tel Lachish (Jerusalem Post) Written by licensed tour guide Allan Rabinowitz, this 1999 description of the tel is both vibrant and accurate. Focuses on a vivid description of the Assyrian siege, including a description of Sennacherib’s relief. Although the website is dated, the information remains relevant.
Desecrated Shrine Discovered in Lachish Gatehouse (BiblePlaces.com) This article gives links to several other stories, and discusses the 2016 discovery of a toilet in the Lachish gate chamber. Includes several photos.
80-Foot Gate and Shrine Excavated in Ancient City of Tel Lachish (History) This article discusses some of the 2016 excavation finds from the site, including the presence of an ancient toilet in the gate chamber.
Gate Shrine from First Temple Period Unearthed at Tel Lachish National Park (Jerusalem Post) Although the ads are annoying, the information is interesting as it announces the gate chamber discovery at Tel Lachish. Includes an interview with the dig director, Ganor, and his take on possible connections with biblical King Hezekiah.
Canaanite Temple Discovered at Tel Lachish (BiblePlaces.com) This 2020 article discusses the recent discovery of a Canaanite temple at the site and includes several relevant images.
Lachish—Blending the Bible, History, & Archaeology (Wayne Stiles) An excellent and well-illustrated article that we highly recommend.
Lachish (BibArch) Features informative links within the text to resources including Scripture references and relevant articles on archaeological terms and periods.
Lachish (The Jewish Magazine) A comprehensive look at the history of Lachish, from the time of Joshua to the Hellenistic period. Includes a lengthy section on visiting Lachish with descriptions of the remains.
Lachish Battle Reliefs (Lachish.org) This website shows several of the reliefs, along with captions. They come from Sennacherib’s palace, where they were in the place of honor to commemorate his victory.
Lachish Ostracon #3 (personal page, K.C. Hanson) Gives a technical description of this ancient document and a translation of its text.