This most famous of the Dead Sea Scroll caves is also the most significant in terms of finds. More than 15,000 fragments from over 200 books were found in this cave, nearly all by Bedouin thieves. 122 biblical scrolls (or fragments) were found in this cave. From all 11 Qumran caves, every Old Testament book is represented except Esther. No New Testament books or fragments have been found.
Cave 4 Interior
Cave 5 (foreground)
This eroded cave was discovered by the archaeologists (Bedouin found caves 1, 2, 4, 6, 11). It is one of those in the marl terrace close to the site of Qumran (also caves 4, 7, 8, 9, 10). Archaeologists estimate that there were originally 30-40 caves in the marl terrace. Fragments of 25 scrolls were found in this cave.
Cave 7 (right), 8 (left)
Cave 10 (right)
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Discovery Sites (Israel Antiquities Authority) – A list of all the caves where manuscripts were found with a description of the major finds in each.
Qumran – Center for the Study of Early Christianity – translation of de Vaux’s notes including description of finds in each of the 11 caves. Excellent! (currently offline)
The Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls – West Semitic Research Project
Inventory of Manuscripts from Qumran – includes a list of what scrolls were found in each cave.
Picture of the Week: Qumran Caves (BiblePlaces Blog) – an explanation of the numbering of the caves and one photo showing 7 caves.
Qumran Caves 1 and 2 (BiblePlaces Blog) – an explanation of how to find the first two caves where Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered.
Secret Places: Qumran Cave 1 3D Facade (BiblePlaces Blog) – an interactive view of Cave 1.
See Qumran for many related websites.